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Multi-phase seismic source imprint of tropical cyclones

Abstract : The coupling between the ocean activity driven by winds and the solid Earth generates seismic signals recorded by seismometers worldwide. The 2-10 s period band, known as secondary microseism, represents the largest background seismic wavefield. While moving over the ocean, tropical cyclones generate particularly strong and localized sources of secondary microseisms that are detected remotely by seismic arrays. We assess and compare the seismic sources of P, SV, and SH waves associated with typhoon Ioke (2006) during its extra-tropical transition. To understand their generation mechanisms, we compare the observed multi-phase sources with theoretical sources computed with a numerical ocean wave model, and we assess the influence of the ocean resonance (or ocean site effect) and coastal reflection of ocean waves. We show how the location and lateral extent of the associated seismic source is period-and phase-dependent. This information is crucial for the use of body waves for ambient noise imaging and gives insights about the sea state, complementary to satellite data.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 8, 2021 - 10:03:41 AM
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Lise Retailleau, Lucia Gualtieri. Multi-phase seismic source imprint of tropical cyclones. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 12 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41467-021-22231-y⟩. ⟨insu-03192554⟩

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