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Journal Articles Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres Year : 2021

Unprecedented spring 2020 ozone depletion in the context of 20 years of measurements at Eureka, Canada

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Florence Goutail
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 974862
Andrea Pazmino
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Tyler Wizenberg

Abstract

In the winter and spring of 2019/2020, the unusually cold, strong, and stable polar vortex created favorable conditions for ozone depletion in the Arctic. Chemical ozone loss started earlier than in any previous year in the satellite era, and continued until late March, resulting in the unprecedented reduction of the ozone column. The vortex was located above the Polar Environment Atmospheric Research Laboratory in Eureka, Canada (80°N, 86°W) from late February to the end of April, presenting an excellent opportunity to examine ozone loss from a single ground station. Measurements from a suite of instruments show that total column ozone was at an all‐time low in the 20‐year dataset, 22‐102 DU below previous records set in 2011. Ozone minima ( < 200 DU), enhanced OClO and BrO slant columns, and unusually low HCl, ClONO2, and HNO3 columns were observed in March. Polar stratospheric clouds were present as late as 20 March, and ozonesondes show unprecedented depletion in the March and April profiles (to < 0.2 ppmv). While both chemical and dynamical factors lead to reduced ozone when the vortex is cold, the contribution of chemical depletion (based on the variable correlation of ozone and temperature) was exceptional in spring 2020 when compared to typical Arctic winters. Mean chemical ozone loss over Eureka was estimated to be 111‐126 DU (27‐31%) using April measurements and passive ozone from the SLIMCAT chemical transport model. While absolute ozone loss was generally smaller in 2020 than in 2011, percentage ozone loss was greater in 2020.
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insu-03190902 , version 1 (23-06-2022)

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Kristof Bognar, Ramina Alwarda, Kimberly Strong, Martyn P. Chipperfield, Sandip S. Dhomse, et al.. Unprecedented spring 2020 ozone depletion in the context of 20 years of measurements at Eureka, Canada. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 2021, 126 (8), pp.e2020JD034365. ⟨10.1029/2020JD034365⟩. ⟨insu-03190902⟩
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