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OB stars and YSO populations in the region of NGC 6334–NGC 6357 as seen with Gaia DR2

Abstract : Aims. Our goal is to better understand the origin and the star-formation history of regions NGC 6334 and NGC 6357. We focus our study on the kinematics of young stars (young stellar objects and OB stars) in both regions mainly on the basis of the Gaia DR2 data. Methods. For both regions, we compiled catalogs of OB stars and young stellar objects from the literature and complemented them using VPHAS+ DR2 and Spitzer IRAC/GLIMPSE photometry catalogues. We applied a cross-match with the Gaia DR2 catalog to obtain information on the parallax and transverse motion. Results. We confirm that NGC 6334 and NGC 6357 are in the far side of the Saggitarius-Carina arm at a distance of 1.76 kpc. For NGC 6357, OB stars show strong clustering and ordered star motion with Vlon ∼-10.7 km s −1 and Vlat ∼3.7 km s −1 , whereas for NGC 6334, no significant systemic motion was observed. The OB stars motions and distribution in NGC 6334 suggest that it should be classified as an association. Ten runaway candidates may be related to NGC 6357 and two to NGC 6334, respectively. The spatial distributions of the runaway candidates in and around NGC 6357 favor a dynamical (and early) ejection during the cluster(s) formation. Because such stars are likely to be ejected during a cluster's formation, the fact that not as many such stars are observed towards NGC 6334 suggests different formation conditions than have been assumed for NGC 6357.
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Contributor : Jean-Claude Bouret <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 31, 2021 - 8:02:27 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 28, 2021 - 9:38:02 AM


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D. Russeil, Annie Zavagno, A. Nguyen, M. Figueira, C. Adami, et al.. OB stars and YSO populations in the region of NGC 6334–NGC 6357 as seen with Gaia DR2. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2020, 642, pp.A21. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202037674⟩. ⟨insu-03185916⟩



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