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Âge et genèse de la coupole granitique à métaux rares (Sn, Li, Nb-Ta, W) de Montebras (Creuse, Massif central français)

Eric Marcoux 1, 2, * Benjamin Barré 1 Michel Pichavant 1 Marc Poujol 3 
* Corresponding author
2 Métallogénie - UMR7327
ISTO - Institut des Sciences de la Terre d'Orléans - UMR7327
Abstract : The Montebras cupola is a small massif of granite with rare metals (Sn,W, Li, Nb-Ta) located north of the French Massif Central which emplaced during the upper Carboniferous in an olderhost rock, the Chanon granite (357.2 ± 2.1 Ma). Two magmatic episodes, a microgranite (316.1 ± 4.3 Ma),and an albitic leucogranite (309.8 ± 3.9 Ma) are distinguished. The second develops contact formations at itsroof, in particular a thick stockscheider pegmatite (309.7 ± 4.5 Ma), passing east to lithium greisens and tinbearingflat quartz veins, previously exploited (303.8 ± 4.8 Ma). The cassiterite deposition (associated withmanganocolumbite) spreads from the magmatic phase with crystals disseminated in leucogranite, until theend of the pneumatolytic phase marked by cassiterite-bearing quartz veins. This spreading is marked by aprogressive drop in the concentrations of trace elements (Nb, Ta, Fe, Mn, Mg, Ti) in cassiterite but withoutreaching the domain of typically hydrothermal compositions. During the pneumatolytic phase, cassiterite isaccompanied by rare scheelite, the rare qitianlingite and a frequent wolframite, the composition of which(hubnerite) indicates a magmatic origin for the metal and the fluids involved during the deposition oftungsten. The deposition of sulfides rich in Cu, As and Sn (löllingite, chalcopyrite, tennantite, stannoidite,mawsonite...) marks the transition to the hydrothermal stage and suggests an origin in host rocks for copperand arsenic. The liasic fluorite-baryte event is manifested by the local appearance of veinlets with violetfluorite, baryte and manganapatite. The Montebras dome provides a representative example of the rare metalgranites of the Variscan orogen. It is contemporary with the other rare elements granitic magmas of thenorthern French Massif Central with which it presents similarities but also differences. Its emplacementcould result from a mechanism of the cauldron subsidence type.
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Eric Marcoux, Benjamin Barré, Michel Pichavant, Marc Poujol. Âge et genèse de la coupole granitique à métaux rares (Sn, Li, Nb-Ta, W) de Montebras (Creuse, Massif central français). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, Société géologique de France, 2021, Special Issue Minéralisation périgranitiques, 192, pp.16. ⟨10.1051/bsgf/2020042⟩. ⟨insu-03184611⟩



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