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Mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber pelecinid wasps (Hymenoptera, Pelecinidae) support the hypothesis of an Asian origin of the family

Abstract : A new species of pelecinid wasp, Eopelecinus marechali sp. nov., is described and figured from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber based on a single well-preserved female specimen. Contrary to Eopelecinus inopinatus Jouault et al., 2020a, unique other Eopelecinus known from this deposit, the new species is based on a complete female specimen. This discovery confirms that the Pelecinidae were highly diverse during the Cretaceous and highlights the underestimated diversity of the genus Eopelecinus in Burmese amber biota. Eopelecinus marechali sp. nov. differs from all other Eopelecinus species by its unique metasomal ratio. A summary on the fossil pelecinid species with distributions and ages is provided. Based on the particular geological history of the West Burmese Terrane and the fossil record of the family, the hypothesis of an Asian origin of the family is discussed. The records of Eopelecinus in both Laurasia and Burmese amber biota, during the mid-Cretaceous, suggest that possible transfers of fauna have taken place between these two geological blocks.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 17, 2021 - 10:09:12 AM
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Corentin Jouault. Mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber pelecinid wasps (Hymenoptera, Pelecinidae) support the hypothesis of an Asian origin of the family. Annales de Paléontologie, Elsevier Masson, 2021, 107 (1), pp.102464. ⟨10.1016/j.annpal.2020.102464⟩. ⟨insu-03142566⟩

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