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Influence of Arctic polar ozone depletion on lower stratospheric ozone amounts at Haute-Provence Observatory (43.92°N, 5.71°E)

Abstract : Lidar and ozone sonde measurements performed at Haute-Provence Observatory are used together with a high-resolution potential vorticity (PV) transport model to study the influence of Arctic polar vortex ozone depletion on ozone amounts at this location prior to vortex dilution. The study focuses on four Arctic winters from 1996 to 2000. The transport model is used to investigate the presence of polar air masses above the station. These air masses, which are characterized by high PV values, can extend toward midlatitude regions during winter. Polar air masses are detected using a daily threshold value defined from the PV fields. The monthly average fraction of polar air generally increases with altitude from a few percent in the lower stratosphere to 10% or more above 500 K. The source of presence of polar air is largely dominated by filament events in the lower stratosphere and is equally divided between filaments and vortex excursions above the station in the middle stratosphere. The presence of polar air above the station shows high interannual variability. In the winter of 1999/2000 the least amount of polar air was detected above the station. However, vortex excursions above the station from January to March 2000 led to a significant average ozone reduction, estimated to 1.6% in the 400-650 K potential temperature range using a chemical transport model (CTM) evaluation of ozone loss at the vortex edge. Cold vortex, such as observed in 1999/2000, results in less transport toward midlatitude, but strong ozone depletion within the vortex combined with transient excursions of polar air can have a significant impact on ozone amounts in the midlatitude regions.
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Sophie Godin, Marion Marchand, Alain Hauchecorne, Franck Lefèvre. Influence of Arctic polar ozone depletion on lower stratospheric ozone amounts at Haute-Provence Observatory (43.92°N, 5.71°E). Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, American Geophysical Union, 2002, 107 (D20), pp.SOL 14-1-SOL 14-11. ⟨10.1029/2001JD000516⟩. ⟨insu-03112003⟩

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