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Long-term timing of four millisecond pulsars

Abstract : We have timed four millisecond pulses, PSRs J1721−2457, J1745−0952, J1810−2005, and J1918−0642, for up to a total of 10.5 years each using multiple telescopes in the European Pulsar Timing Array network: the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope in The Netherlands, the Nançay Radio Telescope in France and the Lovell telescope at Jodrell Bank in the UK. The long time span has enabled us to measure the proper motions of J1745−0952 and J1918−0642, indicating that they have transverse velocities of 200(50) and 54(7) km s −1 respectively. We have obtained upper limits on the proper motion of J1721−2457 and J1810−2005, which imply that they have transverse velocities less than 140 and 400 km s −1 respectively. In all cases, the velocities lie in the range typical of millisecond pulsars. We present pulse profiles for each pulsar taken from observations at multiple frequencies in the range of 350 to 2600 MHz, and show that J1810−2005 shows significant profile evolution in this range. Using our multi-frequency observations, we measured the spectral indices for all four pulsars, and for J1810−2005 it appears to be very flat. The flux density of J1918−0642 shows extensive modulation which we attribute to the combined effects of refractive and diffractive scintillation. We discuss the possible use of including J1721−2457 or J1918−0642 in a pulsar timing array, and find that J1918−0642 will be useful to include when the timing precision of this pulsar is improved over the next few years. We have searched archival optical observations to detect companions of the binary pulsars, but none were detected. However, we provide lower limits on the masses of the white dwarf companions of PSRs J1745−0952 and J1918−0642.
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G.H. Janssen, B.W. Stappers, C.G. Bassa, Ismaël Cognard, M. Kramer, et al.. Long-term timing of four millisecond pulsars. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2010, 514, pp.A74. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/200911728⟩. ⟨insu-02986931⟩



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