Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Implications for behavior of volatile elements during impacts - Zinc and copper systematics in sediments from the Ries impact structure and central European tektites

Abstract : Moldavites are tektites genetically related to the Ries impact structure, located in Central Europe, but the source materials and the processes related to the chemical fractionation of moldavites are not fully constrained. To further understand moldavite genesis, the Cu and Zn abundances and isotope compositions were measured in a suite of tektites from four different substrewn fields (South Bohemia, Moravia, Cheb Basin, Lusatia) and chemically diverse sediments from the surroundings of the Ries impact structure. Moldavites are slightly depleted in Zn (similar to 10-20%) and distinctly depleted in Cu (>90%) relative to supposed sedimentary precursors. Moreover, the moldavites show a wide range in Zn-66 values between 1.7 and 3.7 parts per thousand (relative to JMC 3-0749 Lyon) and Cu-65 values between 1.6 and 12.5 parts per thousand (relative to NIST SRM 976) and are thus enriched in heavy isotopes relative to their possible parent sedimentary sources (Zn-66=-0.07 to +0.64 parts per thousand; Cu-65=-0.4 to +0.7 parts per thousand). In particular, the Cheb Basin moldavites show some of the highest Cu-65 values (up to 12.5 parts per thousand) ever observed in natural samples. The relative magnitude of isotope fractionation for Cu and Zn seen here is opposite to oxygen-poor environments such as the Moon where Zn is significantly more isotopically fractionated than Cu. One possibility is that monovalent Cu diffuses faster than divalent Zn in the reduced melt and diffusion will not affect the extent of Zn isotope fractionation. These observations imply that the capability of forming a redox environment may aid in volatilizing some elements, accompanied by isotope fractionation, during the impact process. The greater extent of elemental depletion, coupled with isotope fractionation of more refractory Cu relative to Zn, may also hinge on the presence of carbonyl species of transition metals and electromagnetic charge, which could exist in the impact-induced high-velocity jet of vapor and melts
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [95 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-02917363
Contributor : Eva Fareau <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 20, 2020 - 10:06:15 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 21, 2020 - 3:16:05 PM

File

Rodovskaetal_2017.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Zuzana Rodovská, Tomáš Magna, Karel Žák, Chizu Kato, Paul Savage, et al.. Implications for behavior of volatile elements during impacts - Zinc and copper systematics in sediments from the Ries impact structure and central European tektites. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Wiley, 2017, 52 (10), pp.2178-2192. ⟨10.1111/maps.12922⟩. ⟨insu-02917363⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

15

Files downloads

41