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Chromium Isotopic Evidence for an Early Formation of Chondrules from the Ornans CO Chondrite

Abstract : Chondrules are the main components of primitive meteorites and possibly the building blocks of planetary embryos and terrestrial planets. However, their ages and modes of formation are still highly debated. Here, we present high-precision Cr isotope data of nine chondrules from one of the more primitive chondrites, the CO3 chondrite Ornans. These chondrules define an external Mn-53-Cr-53 isochron, with an initial Mn-53/Mn-55 of (7.1 +/- 1.6) x 10(-6), corresponding to an age of 4567.6 +/- 1.3 Ma when anchored to the angrite D'Orbigny (U-corrected). This age is within error of the age of formation of calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs). All chondrules show a wide range of epsilon Cr-54 values (+0.20 to +1.22) and a positive correlation between epsilon Cr-53 and epsilon Cr-54 values, suggesting mixing of different isotopic sources in the protoplanetary disk. This could reflect that silicate materials from the CAI-forming region (with complementary compositions to CAIs, i.e., low Mn/Cr and epsilon Cr-54) were transported to the accretion region of the CO chondrite parent body and mixed with CI-like material (high-Mn/Cr and epsilon Cr-54) during chondrule formation. Such mixing must have occurred prior to the formation of chondrule precursors. Furthermore, chondrules from chondrites with more CAIs (CV and CO) exhibit greater variability in epsilon Cr-54 than chondrules from chondrites formed later with fewer CAIs (e.g., CB and CR), suggesting that the accretion regions of the former received more material transported from the inner solar system than the latter. This dichotomy may indicate the CB and CR chondrites accreted at greater orbital distances than other chondrites
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 18, 2020 - 12:31:44 PM
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Ke Zhu, Jia Liu, Frédéric Moynier, Liping Qin, Conel Alexander, et al.. Chromium Isotopic Evidence for an Early Formation of Chondrules from the Ornans CO Chondrite. The Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2019, 873 (1), pp.82. ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/aafe79⟩. ⟨insu-02916997⟩



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