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Paleogeothermal Gradients across an Inverted Hyperextended Rift System: Example of the Mauléon Fossil Rift (Western Pyrenees)

Nicolas Saspiturry 1 Abdeltif Lahfid 2 Thierry Baudin 2 Laurent Guillou-Frottier 2, 3, 4 Ph. Razin 1 Benoît Issautier 2 Benjamin Le Bayon 2 Olivier Serrano 2 Yves Lagabrielle 5 Benjamin Corre 5
4 Géodynamique - UMR7327
INSU - CNRS - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers, UO - Université d'Orléans : UMR7327, BRGM - Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières (BRGM), ISTO - Institut des Sciences de la Terre d'Orléans - UMR7327 : UMR7327
Abstract : The fossil rift in the North Pyrenean Zone, which underwent high temperature–low pressure metamorphism and alkaline magmatism during Early Cretaceous hyperextension, was studied to explore the geothermal regime at the time of rifting. In this work, we combined Raman lab analysis and thermal numerical modelling to shed light on the distribution of geothermal gradients across the inverted hyperextended Mauléon rift basin during Albian and Cenomanian time, its period of active extension. Data were acquired from a set of 155 samples from densely spaced outcrops and boreholes, analyzed using Raman spectroscopy of carbonaceous material. The estimated paleogeothermal gradient is strongly related to the structural position along the Albian‐Cenomanian rift, increasing along a proximal‐distal margin transect from ~34 °C/km in the European proximal margin to ~37–47 °C/km in the two necking zones and 57–60 °C/km in the hyperextended domain. This pattern of the paleogeothermal gradient induced a complex interaction between brittle and ductile deformation during crustal extension. A numerical model reproducing the thermal evolution of the North Pyrenees since 120 Ma suggests that mantle heat flow values may have reached 100 mW/m2 during the rifting event. This model reveals that, above the thermal pulse, the temperature gradient varied within a small range of 55 to 62°C/km, as inferred from RSCM peak temperatures. We demonstrate that the style of reactivation during subsequent convergence influenced the thermal structure of the inverted rift system.
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Nicolas Saspiturry, Abdeltif Lahfid, Thierry Baudin, Laurent Guillou-Frottier, Ph. Razin, et al.. Paleogeothermal Gradients across an Inverted Hyperextended Rift System: Example of the Mauléon Fossil Rift (Western Pyrenees). Tectonics, American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2020, 39 (10), pp.e2020TC006206. ⟨10.1029/2020TC006206⟩. ⟨insu-02916837⟩

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