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Journal Articles The Astrophysical Journal Year : 2020

Chromium Isotopic Constraints on the Origin of the Ureilite Parent Body

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Abstract

We report on the mass-independent Cr isotope compositions of 11 main group ureilites and an ureilitic trachyandesite (ALM-A). The Cr-54/Cr-52 ratios for main group ureilites vary from -1.06 0.04 to -0.78 0.05 and averaged at -0.91 0.15 (2SD, N = 18) including the data from literature. We argue that this variation reflects primitive mantle heterogeneities within the ureilite parent body (UPB). As such, this body did not experience a global-scale magma ocean, which is consistent with heterogeneous O isotope in ureilites. Furthermore, the e(54)Cr values, Mn/Cr ratios, C isotope ratios, Mg# values, and Fe/Mn ratios in the olivine cores of ureilites are correlated with each other, which suggests the mixing of ureilite precursors from at least two reservoirs, rather than a smelting process or the oxidation from ice melting. All the ureilite samples (including the ALM-A) fall on a well-defined Mn-53-Cr-53 isochron corresponding to a Mn-53/Mn-55 ratio of (6.02 1.59) x 10(-6), which translates to an age of 4566.7 1.5 Ma (within 2 Ma after calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions; CAIs) when anchored to the U-corrected Pb-Pb age for the D'Orbigny angrite. This old age indicates early partial melting on the UPB, consistent with the early accretion of the UPB (within 1 Ma after CAIs) predicted by thermal modeling. Furthermore, there is a 4 similar to 5 Ma age difference between the external isochron in this study and internal isochron ages for the feldspathic clasts in polymict ureilites, which likely reflects an impact history during the early evolution of the UPB.

Dates and versions

insu-02916395 , version 1 (17-08-2020)

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Cite

Ke Zhu, Frédéric Moynier, Martin Schiller, Daniel Wielandt, Kirsten K Larsen, et al.. Chromium Isotopic Constraints on the Origin of the Ureilite Parent Body. The Astrophysical Journal, 2020, 888 (2), pp.126. ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/ab5af7⟩. ⟨insu-02916395⟩
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