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Uranium mineralization associated with late magmatic ductile to brittle deformation and Na–Ca metasomatism of the Pan-African A-type Zabili syntectonic pluton (Mayo-Kebbi massif, SW Chad)

Abstract : The Mayo-Kebbi massif (Chad) exposes a Neoproterozoic juvenile crustal segment that has been tectonically accreted in the Central African Orogenic Belt and reworked during the Pan-African orogeny. It comprises a syntectonic high-K magmatic suite including the Zabili A-type granitic pluton. The Zabili pluton is made of a highly differentiated granite generated by fractional crystallization of a magma formed by partial melting of a Neoproterozoic juvenile protolith. Syn- to post-magmatic ductile to brittle deformation of the Zabili pluton is associated with metasomatism and deposition of uranium. Primary magmatic U-bearing minerals are zircon, monazite, and uranothorite. Late-magmatic deformation and Na-metasomatism are marked by the development of R’ antithetic shear zones with high-temperature dynamic recrystallization of K-feldspar and Ca-plagioclase phenocrysts coeval with crystallization of albite along deformation bands and grain boundaries, and crystallization of interstitial amphibole, calcite epidote and albite also affected by intracrystalline deformation. At this stage, U-bearing minerals are monazite, uraninite, brannerite (pseudomorphosed in ekanite). This late-magmatic event is dated by U–Th–Pb on monazite at 599 ± 4 Ma. Brittle deformation and Ca-metasomatism are marked by cataclastic zones and veins containing albite, epidote, calcite, chlorite, apatite, metamict zircon, pitchblende, U-silicates, and iron oxides. U-bearing minerals are altered and/or remobilized in ekanite, kasolite, and uranophane. These data suggest that the uranium mineralization hosted by the Zabili pluton records a superposition of processes and traces extreme crustal differentiation of a Neoproterozoic juvenile crustal segment reworked during the Pan-African orogeny.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 17, 2020 - 1:37:21 PM
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Olivier Vanderhaeghe, Anne-Sylvie André-Mayer, Diondoh Mbaguedje, Aurélien Eglinger, Maryse Ohnenstetter, et al.. Uranium mineralization associated with late magmatic ductile to brittle deformation and Na–Ca metasomatism of the Pan-African A-type Zabili syntectonic pluton (Mayo-Kebbi massif, SW Chad). Mineralium Deposita, Spinger, 2021, 56 (7), pp.1297-1319. ⟨10.1007/s00126-020-00999-1⟩. ⟨insu-02916105⟩

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