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Dynamical Evolution of the Debris Disk after a Satellite Catastrophic Disruption around Saturn

Abstract : The hypothesis of the. recent origin of Saturn's rings and its midsized moons is actively debated. It was suggested that a proto-Rhea and a proto-Dione might have collided recently, giving birth to the modern system of midsized moons. It has also been. suggested that the rapid viscous spreading of the debris may have implanted mass inside Saturn's Roche limit, giving birth to its. modern. ring system. However, this scenario has only been. investigated in a very simplified way for the moment. This paper investigates it in detail to assess its plausibility by using N-body simulations and analytical arguments. When the debris disk is dominated by its largest remnant, N-body simulations show that the system quickly reaccretes into a single satellite without significant spreading. On the other hand, if the disk is composed of small particles, analytical arguments suggest that the disk experiences dynamical evolutions in three steps. The disk starts significantly excited after the impact and collisional damping dominates over the viscous spreading. After the system flattens, the system can become gravitationally unstable when particles are smaller than similar to 100 m. However, the particles grow faster than spreading. Then, the system becomes gravitationally stable again and accretion continues at a slower pace, but spreading is inhibited. Therefore, the debris is expected to reaccrete into several large bodies. In conclusion, our results show that such a scenario may not form. today's ring system. In contrast, our results suggest that today's midsized moons are likely reaccreted from such a catastrophic event.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 12, 2020 - 1:10:52 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 12:01:06 PM

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Ryuki Hyodo, Sébastien Charnoz. Dynamical Evolution of the Debris Disk after a Satellite Catastrophic Disruption around Saturn. The Astronomical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2017, 154 (1), pp.34. ⟨10.3847/1538-3881/aa74c9⟩. ⟨insu-02914711⟩



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