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Analysis methods for multi-component wave measurements on board the DEMETER spacecraft

Abstract : We describe analysis methods to estimate parameters of electromagnetic waves based on the multi-component measurements of the DEMETER spacecraft. Using the fact that the wave magnetic field is perpendicular to the wave vector, the wave normal direction can be estimated by different methods. We use these plane-wave estimates to interpret measurements of the observed wave emissions. For instance, we use the recently developed singular value decomposition (SVD) technique. The results of the plane-wave analysis have an advantage that they often allow a straightforward interpretation. These different methods have been successfully tested with the data of previous spacecraft. All these methods are also implemented in the analysis tools designed for the analysis of the DEMETER wave measurements. We show the first results of these analysis techniques for different types of wave emissions observed on board DEMETER. Obliquely propagating right-hand polarized electromagnetic waves at a few hundreds of Hz are usually connected with a multi-ion mode structure below the local proton cyclotron frequency and with a sharp lower cutoff of left-hand polarized waves, as well as with right-hand polarized waves tunelling below the multi-ion cross-over frequency. Electron and proton whistlers are also very frequently observed on DEMETER. An unusual narrow-band emission at 140 Hz (well below the local proton cyclotron frequency) serves us as another case for a detailed analysis. We find that these waves are right-hand polarized and obliquely propagating. Using this example case, we also present analysis methods to estimate continuous distribution of wave energy density as a function of wave vector directions. These techniques of wave distribution function (WDF) analysis need both wave and particle measurements. In the analyzed case, two different methods of WDF analysis give similar results consistent with the results of the plane-wave techniques. To identify the source region we use the backward ray-tracing method. The wave normal direction obtained by the analysis of multi-component data is used for a simulation of wave propagation from the point of measurement. By this procedure, we obtain an inverse trajectory of the wave ray. We can thus follow the ray path back to the anticipated source region which is in our case located a few degrees of latitude to the South from the spacecraft position.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 24, 2020 - 12:18:25 PM
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O. Santolik, F. Němecc, Michel Parrot, Dominique Lagoutte, L. Madrias, et al.. Analysis methods for multi-component wave measurements on board the DEMETER spacecraft. Planetary and Space Science, Elsevier, 2006, 54 (5), pp.512-527. ⟨10.1016/j.pss.2005.10.020⟩. ⟨insu-02879846⟩



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