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Ambient seismic noise imaging of the lowermost mantle beneath the North Atlantic Ocean

Abstract : Body waves can be extracted from correlation functions computed from seismic records even at teleseismic distances. Here we use P and PcP waves from the secondary microseism frequency band that are propagating between Europe and the Eastern United States to image the core-mantle boundary (CMB) and D" structure beneath the North Atlantic. This study presents the first 3-D image of the lower mantle obtained from ocean-generated microseism data. Robustness of our results is evaluated by comparing images produced by propagation in both directions. Our observations reveal complex patterns of lateral and vertical variations of P-wave reflectivity with a particularly strong anomaly extending upward in the lower mantle up to 2600 km deep. We compare these results with synthetic data and associate this anomaly to a Vp velocity increase above the CMB. Our image aims at promoting the study of the lower mantle with microseism noise excitations.
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Lise Retailleau, Pierre Boué, Lei Li, Michel Campillo. Ambient seismic noise imaging of the lowermost mantle beneath the North Atlantic Ocean. Geophysical Journal International, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2020, 222 (2), pp.1339-1351. ⟨10.1093/gji/ggaa210⟩. ⟨insu-02879285⟩

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