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An urban emissions inventory for South America and its application in numerical modeling of atmospheric chemical composition at local and regional scales

Abstract : This work describes the development of an urban vehicle emissions inventory for South America, based on the analysis and aggregation of available inventories for major cities, with emphasis on its application in regional atmospheric chemistry modeling. Due to the limited number of available local inventories, urban emissions were extrapolated based on the correlation between city vehicle density and mobile source emissions of carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxides (NOx). Emissions were geographically distributed using a methodology that delimits urban areas using high spatial resolution remote sensing products. This numerical algorithm enabled a more precise representation of urban centers. The derived regional inventory was evaluated by analyzing the performance of a chemical weather forecast model in relation to observations of CO, NOx and O-3 in two different urban areas, Sao Paulo and Belo Horizonte. The gas mixing ratios simulated using the proposed regional inventory show good agreement with observations, consistently representing their hourly and daily variability. These results show that the integration of municipal inventories in a regional emissions map and their precise distribution in fine scale resolutions are important tools in regional atmospheric chemistry modeling
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-02878419
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 23, 2020 - 10:23:56 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 23, 2020 - 4:38:21 AM

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Marcelo Felix Alonso, Karla Maria Longo, Saulo Freitas, Rafael Mello da Fonseca, Virginie Marécal, et al.. An urban emissions inventory for South America and its application in numerical modeling of atmospheric chemical composition at local and regional scales. Atmospheric Environment, Elsevier, 2010, 44 (39), pp.5072-5083. ⟨10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.09.013⟩. ⟨insu-02878419⟩

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