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Contribution of siderite–water interaction for the unconventional generation of hydrocarbon gases in the Solimões basin, north-west Brazil

Abstract : Hydrocarbon gases with unconventional carbon isotopic signatures were observed in the Solimiies sedimentary basin in north-west Brazil. Siderite contents measured with a new Rock-Eval methodology in the drill-cuttings samples of the Famenian source rock were found to decrease with the increase of gas maturity and with the occurrence of the gas isotopic anomalies. Triassic diabase intrusions induced heating of the source rock, which likely resulted in the gradual oxidative dissolution of siderite as suggested by the observation of etch pits on the siderite surfaces. It is proposed that ferrous iron from the carbonate was involved in a redox reaction with water producing ferric iron and Hy, then reducing CO2 and yielding an inverse correlation between siderite content and gas maturity. Alternatively, hydrogenation of highly mature kerogen by H-2 derived from siderite could explain the production of C-13-rich CH4. Mass balance considerations suggest that these mechanisms may account for a significant fraction of the hydrocarbon gases generated from the Famenian source rock in the Solimbes basin
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-02870715
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 16, 2020 - 7:49:16 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 2, 2020 - 3:05:57 AM

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Vincent Milesi, Alain Prinzhofer, François Guyot, Marc Benedetti, René Rodrigues. Contribution of siderite–water interaction for the unconventional generation of hydrocarbon gases in the Solimões basin, north-west Brazil. Marine and Petroleum Geology, Elsevier, 2015, 71, pp.168-182. ⟨10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2015.12.022⟩. ⟨insu-02870715⟩

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