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A reconstruction of Iberia accounting for W-Tethys/N-Atlantic kinematics since the late Permian-Triassic

Abstract : The West European kinematic evolution results from the opening of the West Neotethys and the Atlantic oceans since the late Paleozoic and the Mesozoic. Geological evidence shows that the Iberian domain well preserved the propagation of these two rift systems and is therefore key to significantly advance our understanding of the regional plate reconstructions. The Late Permian-Triassic tectonic evolution of Iberian rift basins shows that they have accommodated significant extension, but this tectonic stage is often neglected in most plate kinematic models, leading to the overestimation of the movements between Iberia and Europe during the subsequent Mesozoic (Early Cretaceous) rift phase. By compiling existing seismic profiles and geological constraints along the North Atlantic margins, including well data over Iberia, as well as recently published kinematic and paleogeographic reconstructions we propose a coherent kinematics model of Iberia that considers both the Neotethyan and Atlantic evolutions. Our model shows that the Europe-Iberia plate boundary was a domain of distributed and oblique extension made of two rift systems, in the Pyrenees and in the Iberian intra-continental basins. It differs from standard models that consider left-lateral strike-slip movement localized only in the northern Pyrenees in introducing a significant strike-slip movement south of Ebro accounting for Late Permian-Triassic extension and by emphasizing the need for an Ebro microcontinent. At a larger scale it emphasizes the role played by the late Permian-Triassic rift and magmatism, as well as strike-slip faulting in the evolution of the western Neotethyan Ocean and their control on localization of the Atlantic rift.
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Paul Angrand, Frédéric Mouthereau, Emmanuel Masini, Riccardo Asti. A reconstruction of Iberia accounting for W-Tethys/N-Atlantic kinematics since the late Permian-Triassic. Solid Earth, European Geosciences Union, In press, ⟨10.5194/se-2020-24⟩. ⟨insu-02865944⟩



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