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Zn isotopes fractionation during slags' weathering: One source of contamination, multiple isotopic signatures

Abstract : During the chemical weathering of lead blast furnace (LBF) and imperial smelting furnace (ISF) slags, possible Zn isotopes fractionation was studied as a function of pH, atmosphere (open air vs nitrogen), and time. Bulk LBF and ISF displayed heavier signatures compared to Johnson Matthey Company (JMC) Zn standard solution (i.e. 0.13 +/- 0.06 parts per thousand and 0.78 +/- 0.13 parts per thousand for LBF and ISF, resp). The Zn signatures vary greatly by changes in solution pH; heavier signatures at low pH and lighter signature at high pH. Smithsonite (ZnCO3) formation could induce a big delta Delta Zn-66(Nitro-Open.atm) of 1.13 parts per thousand at pH 10 and rapid zinc hydroxide precipitation could induce Delta Zn-66(Nitro-Open.atm) of 0.13-0.2 parts per thousand at pH 8.5. In addition, slags contain many mineral phases: similar to 80-84% of amorphous glassy phase (in v/v) and similar to 16-20% of many other crystalline phases. Zn isotope signatures in primary mineral phases can be extrapolated where the signature of the amorphous glassy phase lies between-035 parts per thousand and -0.42 parts per thousand, and that of the overall crystalline phases was estimated to be 2.12 parts per thousand for LBF and 5.74 parts per thousand for ISF. Therefore, un-weathered slags with many mineral phases can host distinct Zn isotope signatures, which further evolve significantly during chemical weathering. One should thus carefully consider the heterogeneity of slags and the low-temperature chemical processes which lead to diverse Zn isotopic signature in the end, when using Zn isotopes as tracer of smelter's contamination.
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Nang-Htay yin, Eric D. van Hullebusch, Marc F. Benedetti, Piet N.L. Lens, yann Sivry. Zn isotopes fractionation during slags' weathering: One source of contamination, multiple isotopic signatures. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2017, 195, pp.483-490. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.11.184⟩. ⟨insu-02863934⟩



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