Effects of biochar, ochre and manure amendments associated with a metallicolous ecotype of Agrostis capillaris on As and Pb stabilization of a former mine technosol - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Environmental Geochemistry and Health Year : 2021

Effects of biochar, ochre and manure amendments associated with a metallicolous ecotype of Agrostis capillaris on As and Pb stabilization of a former mine technosol

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Abstract

Metal(loid) soil pollution is a major environmental and health issue, requiring these areas to be remediated, for example through phytoremediation processes. In order to allow proper plant establishment and growth, amendments must be applied to highly contaminated and poorly fertile soils. Amendments are diverse, but many studies have shown the beneficial effects of biochar, manure and ochre, although studies on their combined use are scarce. Moreover, no studies have evaluated the effect of these combined amendments on endemic plant growth. Endemic plants growing on contaminated soils showed higher tolerance toward pollutants compared to plants coming from unpolluted areas. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate both the effect of amendments (single or combined) on the physicochemical properties of a former mining technosol, and the growth and metal(loid) accumulation ability of endemic Agrostis capillaris plants. This study revealed an improvement in the soil physicochemical properties following the application of amendments, with combined amendments showing better results than the application of just one. On top of this, Agrostis plants performed better on the amended technosols, especially the ones receiving manure, due to its high nutrient content. Finally, based on soil properties, plant growth and the metal(loid) accumulation profile, the use of biochar combined with manure seems to be the most appropriate treatment. Indeed, this treatment showed an improvement in both soil fertility and plant growth. Moreover, Agrostis plants grown in these conditions were among those showing higher root metal(loid) concentration associated with a lower translocation toward aerial parts.
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Dates and versions

insu-02863442 , version 1 (03-09-2020)

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Manhattan Lebrun, Romain Nandillon, Florie Miard, Lydie Le Forestier, Domenico Morabito, et al.. Effects of biochar, ochre and manure amendments associated with a metallicolous ecotype of Agrostis capillaris on As and Pb stabilization of a former mine technosol. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 2021, 43 (4), pp.1491-1505. ⟨10.1007/s10653-020-00592-5⟩. ⟨insu-02863442⟩
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