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A 3 Year Long Extreme Scattering Event in the Direction of the Millisecond Pulsar J1643−1224

Abstract : An extreme scattering event (ESE) has been detected in the direction of the millisecond pulsar J1643-1224 at 1.28 and 1.41 GHz. Its duration is 3 years and this makes it the longest ESE ever recorded. We have used the standard model of a purely refractive lens to interpret the observed radio light curves. This lens is a fully ionized cloud crossing the line of sight. We have found that our data imply that its transverse size is 56 AU, which is much larger than similar to1 AU typical of the other ESEs in the direction of the pulsar B1937+21. If the cloud is located at the mid-distance to J1643-1224 (2500 pc), its electron density is 130 e cm(-3). Such a highly pressurized structure has a short lifetime (29 yr), and this requires a replenishment mechanism at work in the interstellar medium that is unidentified at present. Alternative models are filamentary clouds seen through their long axis or a cold molecular hydrogen cloud with an ionized shell, as proposed by Walker Wardle.
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V. Maitia, Jean-Francois Lestrade, Ismaël Cognard. A 3 Year Long Extreme Scattering Event in the Direction of the Millisecond Pulsar J1643−1224. The Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2003, 582 (2), pp.972-977. ⟨10.1086/344816⟩. ⟨insu-02612569⟩

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