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Intercomparison and evaluation of ground- and satellite-based stratospheric ozone and temperature profiles above Observatoire de Haute-Provence during the Lidar Validation NDACC Experiment (LAVANDE)

Robin Wing 1, * Wolfgang Steinbrecht 2 Sophie Godin-Beekmann 1 Thomas J. Mcgee 2 John T. Sullivan 3 Grant Sumnicht 3 Gérard Ancellet 4 Alain Hauchecorne 1 Sergey Khaykin 1 Philippe Keckhut 1
* Corresponding author
1 STRATO - LATMOS
LATMOS - Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales
4 TROPO - LATMOS
LATMOS - Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales
Abstract : A two-part inter-comparison campaign was conducted at L'Observatoire de Haute Provence (OHP) for the validation of lidar ozone and temperature profiles using the mobile NASA Stratospheric Ozone Lidar (NASA STROZ), satellite overpasses from the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS), the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER), meteorological radiosondes launched from Nimes, and locally launched ozonesondes. All the data were submitted and compared blind, before the group could see results from the other instruments. There was good agreement between all ozone measurements between 20 and 40 km with differences of generally less than 5 % throughout this region. Below 20 km SABER and MLS measured significantly more ozone than the lidars or ozone sondes. Temperatures for all lidars were in good agreement between 30 and 60 km with differences on the order of ±1 to 3 K. Below 30 km, the OHP lidar operating at 532 nm has a significant cool bias due to contamination by aerosols. Systematic, altitude varying bias up to ±5 K compared to the lidars was found for MLS at many altitudes. SABER temperature profiles are generally closer to the lidar profiles, with up 3 K negative bias near 50 km. Uncertainty estimates for ozone and temperature appear to be realistic for nearly all systems. However, it does seem that the very low estimated uncertainties of lidars between 30 and 50 km, between 0.1 and 1 K, are not achieved during LidAr VAlidation NDacc Experiment (LAVANDE). These estimates might have to be increased to 1 to 2 K.
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Robin Wing, Wolfgang Steinbrecht, Sophie Godin-Beekmann, Thomas J. Mcgee, John T. Sullivan, et al.. Intercomparison and evaluation of ground- and satellite-based stratospheric ozone and temperature profiles above Observatoire de Haute-Provence during the Lidar Validation NDACC Experiment (LAVANDE). Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, European Geosciences Union, 2020, 13 (10), pp.5621-5642. ⟨10.5194/amt-13-5621-2020⟩. ⟨insu-02543114⟩

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