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Global karst springs hydrograph dataset for research and management of the world’s fastest-flowing groundwater

Tunde Olarinoye 1 Tom Gleeson 2 Vera Marx 1 Stefan Seeger 1 Rouhollah Adinehvand 3 Vincenzo Allocca 4 Bartolomé Andreo 5 James Apaéstegui 6 Christophe Apolit Bruno Arfib 7 Augusto Auler 8 Juan Antonio Barbera 5 Christelle Batiot-Guilhe 9 Timothy Bechtel Stéphane Binet 10, 11 Daniel Bittner Matej Blatnik Terry Bolger Pascal Brunet 9 Jean-Baptiste Charlier 12 Zhao Chen 13 Gabriele Chiogna Gemma Coxon Pantaleone de Vita Joanna Doummar Jannis Epting Matthieu Fournier 14 Nico Goldscheider 15 John Gunn Fang Guo Jean Loup Guyot 16 Nicholas Howden Peter Huggenberger 17 Brian Hunt 18 Pierre-yves Jeannin 19 Guanghui Jiang Greg Jones Hervé Jourde 9 Ivo Karmann Oliver Koit Jannes Kordilla David Labat 16 Bernard Ladouche 12 Isabella Serena Liso Zaihua Liu Nicolas Massei 14 Naomi Mazzilli 20 Matias Mudarra 21 Mario Parise Junbing Pu Nataša Ravbar Liz Stefanny Hidalgo Sánchez 22 Antonio Santo Martin Sauter 23 Vianney Sivelle 16 Rannveig Øvrevik Skoglund Zoran Stevanovic Cameron Wood Stephen Worthington Andreas Hartmann 
Abstract : Karst aquifers provide drinking water for 10% of the world’s population, support agriculture, groundwater-dependent activities, and ecosystems. These aquifers are characterised by complex groundwater-flow systems, hence, they are extremely vulnerable and protecting them requires an in-depth understanding of the systems. Poor data accessibility has limited advances in karst research and realistic representation of karst processes in large-scale hydrological studies. In this study, we present World Karst Spring hydrograph (WoKaS) database, a community-wide effort to improve data accessibility. WoKaS is the first global karst springs discharge database with over 400 spring observations collected from articles, hydrological databases and researchers. The dataset’s coverage compares to the global distribution of carbonate rocks with some bias towards the latitudes of more developed countries. WoKaS database will ensure easy access to a large-sample of good quality datasets suitable for a wide range of applications: comparative studies, trend analysis and model evaluation. This database will largely contribute to research advancement in karst hydrology, supports karst groundwater management, and promotes international and interdisciplinary collaborations.
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Tunde Olarinoye, Tom Gleeson, Vera Marx, Stefan Seeger, Rouhollah Adinehvand, et al.. Global karst springs hydrograph dataset for research and management of the world’s fastest-flowing groundwater. Scientific Data , Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 7 (1), 9 p. ⟨10.1038/s41597-019-0346-5⟩. ⟨insu-02524019⟩



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