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High-precision quasi-continuous atmospheric greenhouse gas measurements at Trainou tower (Orléans forest, France)

M. Schmidt 1 M. Lopez 1, 2 C. Kwok 1 C. Messager 1 M. Ramonet 1, 2 B. Wastine 1 C. Vuillemin 1 F. Truong 1 B Gal 1 E. Parmentier 3 O. Cloue 4 P. Ciais 1, 5
2 ICOS-RAMCES - ICOS-RAMCES
LSCE - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette] : DRF/LSCE
5 ICOS-ATC - ICOS-ATC
LSCE - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette] : DRF/LSCE
Abstract : Results from the Trainou tall tower measurement station installed in 2006 are presented for atmospheric measurements of CO 2 , CH 4 , N 2 O, SF 6 , CO, H 2 mole fractions and radon-222 activity. Air is sampled from four sampling heights (180, 100, 50 and 5 m) of the Trainou 200 m television tower in the Orléans forest in France (47 • 57 53 N, 2 • 06 45 E, 131 m a.s.l.). The station is equipped with a custom-built CO 2 analyser (CARIBOU), which is based on a commercial non-dispersive, infrared (NDIR) analyser (Licor 6252), and a coupled gas chromatography (GC) system equipped with an electron capture detector (ECD) and a flame ionization detector (FID) (HP6890N, Agilent) and a reduction gas detector (PP1, Peak Performer). Air intakes , pumping and air drying system are shared between the CARIBOU and the GC systems. The ultimately achieved short-term repeatability (1 sigma, over several days) for the GC system is 0.05 ppm for CO 2 , 1.4 ppb for CH 4 , 0.25 ppb for N 2 O, 0.08 ppb for SF 6 , 0.88 ppb for CO and 3.8 for H 2. The repeatability of the CARIBOU CO 2 analyser is 0.06 ppm. In addition to the in situ measurements, weekly flask sampling is performed, and flask air samples are analysed at the Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE) central laboratory for the same species as well for stable isotopes of CO 2. The comparison between in situ measurements and the flask sampling showed averaged differences of 0.08 ± 1.40 ppm for CO 2 , 0.7±7.3 ppb for CH 4 , 0.6±0.6 ppb for N 2 O, 0.01±0.10 ppt for SF 6 , 1.5±5.3 ppb for CO and 4.8±6.9 ppb for H 2 for the years 2008-2012. At Trainou station, the mean annual increase rates from 2007 to 2011 at the 180 m sampling height were 2.2 ppm yr −1 for CO 2 , 4 ppb yr −1 for CH 4 , 0.78 ppb yr −1 for N 2 O and 0.29 ppt yr −1 for SF 6. For all species, the 180 m sampling level showed the smallest diurnal variation. Mean diurnal gradients between the 50 m and the 180 m sampling level reached up to 30 ppm CO 2 , 15 ppm CH 4 or 0.5 ppb N 2 O during nighttime whereas the mean gradients are smaller than 0.5 ppm for CO 2 and 1.5 ppb for CH 4 during afternoon.
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M. Schmidt, M. Lopez, C. Kwok, C. Messager, M. Ramonet, et al.. High-precision quasi-continuous atmospheric greenhouse gas measurements at Trainou tower (Orléans forest, France). Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, European Geosciences Union, 2014, 7, pp.2283 - 2296. ⟨10.5194/amt-7-2283-2014⟩. ⟨insu-02506869⟩

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