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How can interspecific interactions in freshwater benthic macroinvertebrates modify trace element availability from sediment?

Abstract : This study aimed to assess how bioturbation by freshwater benthic macroinvertebrates with different biological traits alone or in combination could modify trace elements (TE) fate between sediment and water, and if water TE concentration and animal TE content impair their body stores. Three macroinvertebrate species were exposed to TE contaminated sediment for 7 days: the omnivorous Echinogammarus berilloni (Amphipoda), the sediment feeding Tubifex tubifex (Oligochaeta) and the filter feeding Pisidium sp. (Bivalvia). Treatments were one without invertebrates (control), two with amphipods or mussels alone, and the combinations amphipod-mussel, and amphipod-mussel-worms. Water TE concentration increased significantly in 2 or 3 species mesocosms, concerning mainly Rare Earth Elements, Cr, U and Pb, known to be associated to the colloidal phase. By contrast, water soluble TE were not affected by animals. For both, amphipods and mussels, TE body content increased with the number of coexisting species. For amphipods, this increase concerned both, soluble and colloid-associated TE, possibly due to intense contact and feeding from sediment and predation on tubificids. TE bioaccumulation in mussel was less important and characterized by soluble TE, with water filtration as most plausible uptake route. Protein, triglyceride and Whole Body Energy Budget increased in amphipods with the number of coexisting species (probably by feeding on mussels’ feces and tubificids) whereas triglycerides declined in mussels (presumably filtration was disturbed by amphipods). This study highlights interspecific interactions as key drivers explaining both: TE bioturbation, depending on their water solubility or colloidal association, and the exposure/contamination of species through another species activity.
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Victoria Soledad Andrade, Claudia Wiegand, Alexandrine Pannard, Ana María Gagneten, Mathieu Pédrot, et al.. How can interspecific interactions in freshwater benthic macroinvertebrates modify trace element availability from sediment?. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2020, 245, pp.Art. n°125594. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125594⟩. ⟨insu-02403881⟩

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