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Chaotic Mixing in Crystalline Granular Media

Abstract : We study the Lagrangian kinematics of steady three-dimensional Stokes flow over simple cubic (SC) and body-centred cubic (BCC) lattices of close-packed spheres, and uncover the mechanisms governing chaotic mixing in these crystalline structures. Due to the cusp-shaped sphere contacts, the topology of the skin friction field is fundamentally different to that of continuous (non-granular) media, such as open pore networks, with significant implications for fluid mixing. Weak symmetry breaking of the flow orientation with respect to the lattice symmetries imparts a transition from regular to strong chaotic mixing in the BCC lattice, whereas the SC lattice only exhibits weak mixing. Whilst the SC and BCC lattices posses the same symmetry point group, these differences are explained in terms of their space groups. This insight is used to develop accurate predictions of the Lyapunov exponent distribution over the parameter space of mean flow orientation. These results point to a general theory of mixing and dispersion based upon the inherent symmetries of arbitrary crystalline structures.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 23, 2020 - 9:50:10 AM
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Régis Turuban, Daniel Lester, Joris Heyman, Tanguy Le Borgne, Yves Méheust. Chaotic Mixing in Crystalline Granular Media. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2019, 871, pp.562-594. ⟨10.1017/jfm.2019.245⟩. ⟨insu-02393869⟩

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