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Crystal clustering in magmas: Insights from HP–HT experiments

Abstract : We have studied by high-resolution X-ray Computed Tomography the effect of crystal clustering on the Shape-Preferred Orientation (SPO) development in synthetic magmas experimentally deformed at 300 MPa and 475–550°C. A fully connected solid network that could potentially induce the onset of yield strength is not achieved in these suspensions containing 16 vol% of crystals. The alumina grain population exhibits a glomeroporphyritic texture made of isolated grains (59.6%) and clusters of touching grains (40.4%). The SPO of the sub-population of isolated grains exhibits foliation and lineation, which are closely parallel to the plane and direction of shear, respectively. The SPO of clustered grains has little influence overall shape fabric. The angular relationships between the average foliation and cluster elongation provide a good indicator of the shear sense. Finally, we highlight the strain partitioning between nearly non-deformed large clusters acting as rigid glomerocrysts and highly sheared zones in low concentrated suspensions.
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Laurent Arbaret, Misha Bystricky, Patrick Launeau. Crystal clustering in magmas: Insights from HP–HT experiments. Comptes Rendus Géoscience, Elsevier, 2019, 351 (8), pp.574-585. ⟨10.1016/j.crte.2019.10.004⟩. ⟨insu-02390404⟩

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