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Abstract : We present a petrological, geochronological and geochemical study of Neoproterozoic ophiolitic units exposed in the Pan-African orogenic belt (Moroccan Anti-Atlas). These units comprise two main complexes: (i) the Khzama ophiolite (in the Sirwa window) to the west and (ii) the Aït Ahmane ophiolite to the east (in the Bou Azzer inlier). Both complexes mainly consist in serpentinized ultramafics associated with rare chromite pods and pyroxenites, which are in tectonic contact with mafic units made of isotropic and layered metagabbros and metabasalts dykes. Khzama ophiolite has been dated at 762 Ma (U-Pb zircon dating on plagiogranite dykes) and we dated Aït Ahmane ophiolite at 745.9 ± 7.4 Ma (U-Pb zircon dating on a layered metagabbro). The precursors of Aït Ahmane and Khzama serpentinites are spinel harzburgites associated with minor dunitic lenses, both entirely serpentinized. Bulk rock composition shows low contents in incompatible major and trace elements (Al2O3: 0.2-1.3 wt.% and Ti: 3-38 ppm) and in HREE ([Yb]N<0.4), attesting of a highly refractory protolith. This is in agreement with high Cr# (0.44-0.81) and rather low Mg# (0.25-0.73) ratios of Cr-spinels cores in serpentinites from the two complexes. Whole-rock trace elements data show that the Aït Ahmane and Khzama harzburgites are residues after a high degree of partial melting, similar to peridotites from the IBM forearc region. Their REE compositions can be modeled by 17 to 31% partial melting in an open-system hydrous dynamic model using an already depleted mantle source. Metabasaltic rocks are tholeiitic with variable subduction zone signature marked by low LILE/HFSE ratios. Based on their Ti, Nb, Th contents and REE patterns, two types of metabasalts can be distinguished; both occurring in the Sirwa and the Aït Ahmane ophiolitic massifs. The first type shows typical N-MORB signature as the second, is marked by a strong influence of subduction component. Trace elements modeling attests that they are petrogenetically related to the multiple-steps formation ultramafic harzburgitic residue. Geochronological U-Pb data attest that both ophiolites are synchronous. The petrological and geochemical results furthermore confirm that they represent a single portion of supra-subduction oceanic lithosphere.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 19, 2019 - 11:50:18 AM
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Antoine Triantafyllou, Florent Hodel, Julien Berger, Mélina Macouin, Jean-Marc Baele, et al.. THE BOU AZZER AND SIRWA OPHIOLITES (ANTI-ATLAS, MOROCCO): INSIGHT INTO POLYPHASED SUBDUCTION-ACCRETION DYNAMICS DURING NEOPROTEROZOIC TIMES. GSA Annual Meeting, Geological Society of America, Sep 2019, Phoenix, United States. ⟨10.1130/abs/2019AM-336212⟩. ⟨insu-02370037⟩



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