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Poster communications

Eco-hydrological controls on the seasonal variations of NO3 and DOC concentrations in headwater catchments at the regional scale

Abstract : Studies of spatial and temporal variation of Nitrate (NO3) and Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) concentrations in rivers can inform on the control of their exports by hydrological processes, soil biogeochemical processes and catchment characteristics (geomorphology, land use, etc…). However, such studies are often conducted on large river basins, in which in-stream processes obscure soil-to-stream processes and landscape effects. This study has two objectives: 1) characterize DOC and NO3 concentration dynamics on small headwater streams, and particularly their dyssynchrony, 2) identify their controlling factors. We used time series of public dataset on water quality together with spatial information on climate, soil, geology, hydrology, agricultural land, domestic pressures and landscape features from 185 independent headwater catchments located in Brittany, Western France. Rivers and streams have been monitored for DOC and NO3 concentrations between 2007 and 2017, with at least eight samples per year. Catchments sizes vary from 1 to 200 km² (median of 38 km²). We used Generalized Additive Models to describe seasonal variations of DOC and NO3 concentrations and flow rates and extract amplitude and phase metrics. Potential controlling factors were identified using a correlation analysis between seasonal metrics and hydrological and land use variables. Respectively for NO3 and DOC, 85% and 71% catchments present a significant seasonal cycle and amplitudes are 3.3 ± 2.1 mgN/L and 3.1 ± 1.7 mgC/L. Four groups of catchments were identified based on seasonal metrics. In group A, 66 catchments depict an anti-correlation between DOC and NO3 seasonal pattern. NO3 maximum occurs in winter synchronously with DOC minimum and discharge maximum, while NO3 minima and DOC maximum occur in autumn. In group B (12 catchments), NO3 maximum occurs in summer synchronously with DOC minimum and the lowest summer flows. Group C (64 catchments) shows an intermediate pattern with two annual maxima for NO3 (and two minima for DOC) occurring in winter and summer, but sometime with a lag time for the pattern of NO3. Group D (26 catchments) is composed of catchments without significant seasonal variation for NO3 and DOC concentrations. The spatial variability of seasonality was mainly explained by differences in hydrological reactivity and to a minor extend by differences in geological substrate characteristics. In catchments with lowest groundwater contribution and highest hydrological reactivity, DOC and NO3 seasonal fluctuations are high and correspond mainly to group A. In catchments with highest groundwater contributions, NO3 seasonal fluctuations are small and those of DOC strong (mainly associated with group B). These results indicated that water transit time through the catchment as a result the of mixing between groundwater and sub-surface runoff is a key element explaining opposite seasonal patterns of NO3 and DOC.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-02310865
Contributor : Isabelle Dubigeon <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 10, 2019 - 2:54:11 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 23, 2020 - 9:28:03 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : insu-02310865, version 1

Citation

Stella Guillemot, Ophélie Fovet, Florentina Moatar, Rémi Dupas, Gérard Gruau, et al.. Eco-hydrological controls on the seasonal variations of NO3 and DOC concentrations in headwater catchments at the regional scale. European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2019, Apr 2019, Vienne, Austria. 21, pp.EGU2019-9039, 2019, Geophysical Research Abstracts. ⟨insu-02310865⟩

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