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Raw and modified clays and clay minerals for the removal of pharmaceutical products from aqueous solutions: State of the art and future perspectives

Abstract : The occurrence of pharmaceutical products (PPs) within environmental compartments challenges the scientific community and water treatment operators to find suitable and practicable removal solutions. Clay minerals are among the oldest and cheapest adsorbents used for the removal of organic and inorganic pollutants. However, despite their significant adsorption properties, little is known about their potential to remove organic contaminants such as pharmaceutical products from wastewater effluents. Hence, based on the latest published articles this review aims to standardize the adsorption properties of clay minerals for the removal of PPs. Specifically, the charge state of PPs appears to play a key role in their adsorption mechanism. In order to overcome the limitations of batch experiments (i.e. idealized solutions, static conditions) and design of a field solution, the impact of external parameters on the adsorption capacities of clay minerals is reviewed. The effect of thermal treatment and acid activation of clay minerals is also assessed in order to better understand the consequences of such modifications on the adsorption properties of clay-based adsorbents. Finally, even if most authors agree on the potential of clay-based adsorbents for the removal of PPs from wastewater, there remain significant gaps in the existing literature that need to be filled, with the aim of forecasting the real potential of clay-based treatment for the removal of pharmaceutical products at industrial scale.
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Contributor : Thomas Thiebault <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 11, 2019 - 2:13:41 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 14, 2020 - 9:57:09 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, February 7, 2020 - 11:46:26 PM

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Thomas Thiebault. Raw and modified clays and clay minerals for the removal of pharmaceutical products from aqueous solutions: State of the art and future perspectives. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, Taylor & Francis, 2020, 50 (14), pp.1451-1514. ⟨10.1080/10643389.2019.1663065⟩. ⟨insu-02284028⟩

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