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Antipodal focusing of seismic waves observed with the USArray

Abstract : S U M M A R Y We present an analysis of the M w = 5.3 earthquake that occurred in the Southeast Indian Ridge on 2010 February 11 using USArray data. The epicentre of this event is antipodal to the USArray, providing us with an opportunity to observe in details the antipodal focusing of seismic waves in space and time. We compare the observed signals with synthetic seismograms computed for a spherically symmetric earth model (PREM). A beamforming analysis is performed over the different seismic phases detected at antipodal distances. Direct spatial snapshots of the signals and the beamforming results show that the focusing is well predicted for the first P-wave phases such as PKP or PP. However, converted phases (SKSP, PPS) show a deviation of the energy focusing to the south, likely caused by the Earth's heterogeneity. Focusing of multiple S-wave phases strongly deteriorates and is barely observable.
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L. Retailleau, N. Shapiro, J. Guilbert, M. Campillo, P. Roux. Antipodal focusing of seismic waves observed with the USArray. Geophysical Journal International, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2014, 199 (2), pp.1030-1042. ⟨10.1093/gji/ggu309⟩. ⟨insu-02277353⟩

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