Atmospheric noble gas isotope and bulk K/U ratios as a constraint on the origin and early evolution of Venus and Earth

Abstract : While Venus and Earth were accumulating mass within the solar nebular these protoplanets also captured significant hydrogen dominated atmospheres by picking up gas from the circumstellar disk during the formation of the Solar System (e.g. Stökl et al. 2016). These primordial atmospheres were then quickly lost by hydrodynamic escape after the disk dissipated. After a short but efficient boil-off phase the EUV-driven hydrodynamic flow of H atoms dragged heavier elements with it at different rates, leading to changes in their isotopic and elemental ratios (Zahnle and Kasting 1986, Hunten et al. 1987, Odert et al. 2018), which is reflected in the present-day atmospheric noble gas isotope and elemental ratios of Venus and Earth. Depending on the disk lifetime and the initial composition of the protoplanets, we find that the atmospheric 36Ar/38Ar, 20Ne/22Ne, and bulk K/U ratios observed for both planets can be best explained if the Sun was born between a weakly and moderately active star and if Venus and Earth had grown to 85-100% and 53-58% respectively of their current masses by the time the nebula gas dissipated approximately 3.5 Myr after formation of the Sun. If proto-Earth accreted its mass from 60% volatile poor ureilite-like and 40% carbonatious chondritic-like material (Schiller et al. 2018) then the planet must have been grown to about 80% of its final mass as long as it was surrounded by the escaping primordial atmosphere ( 7 Myr). Our results are therefore in agreement with a fast accretion of thermally-processed disk material into asteroidal bodies and/or planetary embryos, as well as Hafnium-Tungsten chronometric fast accretion scenarios of the proto-Earth (e.g. Yu & Jacobsen 2011), as well as a noble gas origin based on a mixture of primitive meteoroids and a small remnant of the proto-solar nebula (Marty 2012). This also indicates that a significant amount of the terrestrial building blocks were delivered from behind the so-called snow line early-on.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 18, 2019 - 8:20:55 PM
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M. Scherff, H. Lammer, M Leitzinger, P. Odert, C. Burger, et al.. Atmospheric noble gas isotope and bulk K/U ratios as a constraint on the origin and early evolution of Venus and Earth. The Main Belt: A Gateway to the Formation and Early Evolution of the Solar System, Jun 2019, Villasimius, Sardinia, Italy. ⟨insu-02188877⟩

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