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Geophysical characterization of the lithological control on the kinematic pattern in a large clayey landslide (Avignonet, French Alps)

Abstract : Lithology variation is known to have a major control on landslide kinematics, but this effect may remain unnoticed due to low spatial coverageduring investigation. The large clayey Avignonet landslide (French Alps) has been widely studied for more than 35 years. Displacement measurements at 38 geodetic stations over the landslide showed that the slide surface velocity dramatically increases below an elevation of about 700 m and that the more active zones are located at the bottom and the south of the landslide. Most of the geotechnical investigation was carried out in the southern part of the landslide where housing development occurred on lacustrine clay layers. In this study, new electrical prospecting all across the unstable area revealed the unexpected presence of a thick resistive layer covering the more elevated area and overlying the laminated clays, which is interpreted as the lower part of moraine deposits. The downslope lithological boundary of this layer was found at around 700 m asl. This boundary coincides with the observed changes in slide velocity and in surface roughness values computed from a LiDAR DTM acquired in 2006. This thick permeable upper layer constitutes a water reservoir, which is likely to influence the hydromechanical mechanism of the landslide. The study suggests a major control of vertical lithological variations on the landslide kinematics, which is highlighted by the relation between slide velocity and electrical resistivity.
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 12, 2019 - 1:51:54 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 6, 2020 - 8:44:02 AM

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Grégory Bièvre, Denis Jongmans, David Goutaland, Erwan Pathier, Vilma Zumbo. Geophysical characterization of the lithological control on the kinematic pattern in a large clayey landslide (Avignonet, French Alps). Landslides, Springer Verlag, 2016, 13 (3), pp.423-436. ⟨10.1007/s10346-015-0579-0⟩. ⟨insu-02126713⟩

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