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Hf-Pb isotope and trace element constraints on the origin of the Jacupiranga Complex (Brazil): Insights into carbonatite genesis and multi-stage metasomatism of the lithospheric mantle

Abstract : The Lower Cretaceous Jacupiranga complex, in the central-southeastern portion of the South American Platform, includes carbonatites in close association with silicate rocks (i.e. strongly and mildly silica-undersaturated series). Here we document the first hafnium isotope data on the Jacupiranga complex, together with new trace element and Pb isotope compositions. Even though liquid immiscibility from a carbonated silicate melt has been proposed for the genesis of several Brazilian carbonatites, isotopic and geochemical (e.g., Ba/La ratios, lack of pronounced Zr-Hf and Nb-Ta decoupling) information argues against a petrogenetic relationship between Jacupiranga carbonatites and their associated silicate rocks. Thus, an origin by direct partial melting of the mantle is considered. The isotopic compositions of the investigated silicate samples are coherent with a heterogeneously enriched subcontinental lithospheric mantle (SCLM) source of rather complex evolution. At least two metasomatic processes are constrained: (1) a first enrichment event, presumably derived from slab-related fluids introduced into the SCLM during Neoproterozoic times, as indicated by consistently old T DM ages and lamprophyre trace signatures, and (2) a Mesozoic carbonatite metasomatism episode of sub-lithospheric origin, as suggested by εNd-εHf values inside the width of the terrestrial array. The Jacupiranga parental magmas might thus derive by partial melting of distinct generations of metasomatic vein assemblages that were hybridized with garnet peridotite wall-rocks.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03018042
Contributor : Delphine Bosch <>
Submitted on : Saturday, November 21, 2020 - 9:10:59 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, January 16, 2021 - 3:06:30 AM

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Luanna Chmyz, Nicolas Arnaud, Joao Carlos Biondi, Rogerio Guitarrari Azzone, Delphine Bosch. Hf-Pb isotope and trace element constraints on the origin of the Jacupiranga Complex (Brazil): Insights into carbonatite genesis and multi-stage metasomatism of the lithospheric mantle. Gondwana Research, Elsevier, 2019, 71, pp.16-27. ⟨10.1016/j.gr.2019.01.012⟩. ⟨hal-03018042⟩

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