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Journal Articles Progress in Oceanography Year : 2019

Seasonal and spatial variability of sea ice and phytoplankton biomarker flux in the Chukchi sea (western Arctic Ocean)

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Youcheng Bai
Haiyan Jin
Jian Ren
Hongliang Li
  • Function : Author
Zhongqiang Ji
  • Function : Author
Yanpei Zhuang
  • Function : Author
Meixun Zhao
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Sediment traps were deployed at 870 m water-depth from August 2008 to September 2009 at station DM in the Chukchi Sea (western Arctic Ocean) in an area covered by sea ice in winter to determine seasonal fluxes of HBIs and phytoplankton sterols in order to improve our understanding of sea ice proxies. HBI-III fluxes and P III IP 25 are for the first time documented in the Arctic Ocean to evaluate their significance for paleoclimate reconstructions. Highest mass fluxes were found from mid-July 2009 to September 2009 contrasting with low values during all other months (i.e., December 2008 to early July 2009). Indeed, during the winter months IP 25 was not detected but increased by a factor of nine over summer 2009 reflecting sea ice algae and pelagic phytoplankton production at the sea ice edge. High HBIs and low sterol fluxes at the end of summer 2008 are consistent with the complete melting of sea ice and post-bloom conditions. We found that HBI-III was more abundant in the early stage of sea ice retreat that characterizes the marginal ice zone. These sea ice biomarkers were also measured in surface sediments across a wide range of sea ice cover in the western Arctic region. Higher IP 25 values were found in the southeastern Chukchi Sea and decreased westwards where sea ice conditions are less severe. Stronger positive linear relationship were found between the sea ice proxy indexes P B IP 25 and P III IP 25 and spring sea ice concentrations than with IP 25 in agreement with earlier findings from other Arctic and sub-Arctic regions.
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Dates and versions

insu-02104909 , version 1 (24-07-2019)

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Youcheng Bai, Marie-Alexandrine Sicre, Jianfang Chen, Vincent Klein, Haiyan Jin, et al.. Seasonal and spatial variability of sea ice and phytoplankton biomarker flux in the Chukchi sea (western Arctic Ocean). Progress in Oceanography, 2019, 171, pp.22-37. ⟨10.1016/j.pocean.2018.12.002⟩. ⟨insu-02104909⟩
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