Recent trends in climate variability at the local scale using 40 years of observations: the case of the Paris region of France

Abstract : For several years, global warming has been unequivocal, leading to climate change at global, regional and local scales. A good understanding of climate characteristics and local variability is important for adaptation 10 and response. Indeed, the contribution of local processes and their understanding in the context of warming are still very little studied and poorly represented in climate models. Improving the knowledge of surface-atmosphere feedback effects at local scales is therefore important for future projections. Using observed data in the Paris region from 1979 to 2017, this study characterizes the changes observed over the last 40 years for six climatic parameters (e.g., mean, maximum and minimum air temperature at 2 metres, 2 metres relative and specific humidities and 15 precipitation) at the annual and seasonal scales and in summer, regardless of large-scale circulation, with an attribution of which part of the change is linked to large scale circulation or thermordynamic. The results show that some trends differ from the ones observed at the regional or global scale. Indeed, in the Paris region, the maximum temperature increases faster than does the minimum temperature. The most significant trends are observed in spring and in summer, with a strong increase in temperature and a very strong decrease in relative humidity, while specific 20 humidity and precipitation show no significant trends. The summer trends can be explained more precisely using large-scale circulation, especially regarding the evolution of the precipitation and specific humidity. The analysis indicates the important role of surface-atmosphere feedback in local variability and that this feedback is amplified or inhibited in a context of global warming, especially in an urban environment.
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Justine Ringard, Marjolaine Chiriaco, Sophie Bastin, Florence Habets. Recent trends in climate variability at the local scale using 40 years of observations: the case of the Paris region of France. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, European Geosciences Union, 2019, pp.(Under Review). ⟨10.5194/acp-2019-109⟩. ⟨insu-02095902⟩

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