Electromagnetic Simulations of Solar Radio Emissions

Abstract : Solar radio emissions are electromagnetic waves emitted in the solar wind as a consequence of electron beams accelerated during solar flares or interplanetary shocks such as ICMEs. Different physical mechanisms have been suggested to describe their origin. A good understanding of the emission process would enable to infer the kinetic energy transferred from accelerated electrons to radio waves. Even if the electrostatic case has been extensively studied, full electromagnetic simulations were attempted only recently. In this work, we report large scale 2D‐3V electromagnetic PIC simulations that enable to identify the generation of both electrostatic and electromagnetic waves originated by a succession of plasma instabilities. They confirm that an efficient mechanism to generate solar radio emissions close to T2f, the harmonic of the plasma frequency, is a multi‐stage model based on a succession of non‐linear three‐wave interaction processes. Through a parametric study of the electron beam parameters, we show that (i) the global efficiency of the multi‐step conversion mechanism from the electron‐beam kinetic energy to the T2f radio wave is independent from the beam parameters, approximately 10‐5 in all tested configurations, while (ii) the directivity of the electromagnetic radio wave strongly depends on the origin electron‐beam. Those results represent a step forward toward the use of solar wind radio emissions, observed remotely, as a diagnostic for the properties of the electron beam located at the source of the radio emission, and therefore to eventually better characterize remotely electron acceleration mechanisms in space regions not directly accessible to in situ measurements.
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Pierre Henri, A. Sgattoni, C. Briand, F. Amiranoff, C. Riconda. Electromagnetic Simulations of Solar Radio Emissions. Journal of Geophysical Research Space Physics, American Geophysical Union/Wiley, 2019, 124 (3), pp.1475-1490. ⟨10.1029/2018JA025707⟩. ⟨insu-02057346⟩

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