Tropospheric column ozone variability from space: results from the first multi-instrument intercomparison .

Abstract : Tropospheric ozone is a pollutant detrimental to human health and crop and ecosystem productivity. Tropospheric ozone is also the third most important greenhouse gas (after CO2 and methane), responsible for ~17% of global radiative forcing since 1750. However, the lack of a comprehensive global ozone monitoring network means that ozone’s radiative forcing must be estimated by chemistry-climate models with a large error bars of ± 50% due to model uncertainties (0.40 ± 0.20 W m-2, according to the fifth IPCC assessment report). Improvements to this estimate require an accurate observation- based quantification of the present-day tropospheric ozone burden (TOB), and greater confidence in chemistry-climate model estimates of TOB in pre-industrial times. TOB is the total mass (Tg) of ozone in the troposphere, calculated by summing all of the tropospheric column ozone (TCO) values at every point on Earth. Presently there is one published observation-based estimate of TOB, which comes from the OMI/MLS satellite instruments on NASA’s Aura satellite. Recently, four new satellite products have been developed for measuring TCO and TOB, with two based on the OMI satellite instrument and two based on the IASI satellite instrument. The first intercomparison of these products will soon be published as a component of the Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report (TOAR). While all five products show the same general tropospheric ozone features across the globe, they differ in absolute TCO quantities and they also differ in terms of decadal trends. The next step is to evaluate all products against the exact same set of in situ ozone observations to gauge the performance of each product in different regions of the world. We will present preliminary results from this evaluation which relies on daily IAGOS commercial aircraft profiles above Frankfurt, Germany and weekly NOAA GMD ozonesonde profiles above Hilo, Hawaii; Trinidad Head, California; and Boulder, Colorado.
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Submitted on : Saturday, January 5, 2019 - 5:44:38 PM
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  • HAL Id : insu-01970642, version 1

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Audrey Gaudel, Owen Cooper, Valérie Thouret, Brice Barret, Anne Boynard, et al.. Tropospheric column ozone variability from space: results from the first multi-instrument intercomparison .. 14th iCACGP Quadrennial Symposium and 15th IGAC Science Conference, Sep 2018, Takamatsu, Kagawa, Japan. ⟨insu-01970642⟩

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