The Influence of Solar Wind and Geomagnetic Indices on Lower Band Chorus Emissions in the Inner Magnetosphere

Abstract : Statistical wave models, describing the distribution of wave amplitudes as a function of location, geomagnetic activity, and other parameters, are needed as the basis to describe the wave‐particle interactions within numerical models of the radiation belts. In this study, we widen the scope of the statistical wave models by investigating which of the solar wind parameters or geomagnetic indices and their time lags have the greatest influence on the amplitudes of lower band chorus (LBC) waves in the inner magnetosphere. The solar wind parameters or geomagnetic indices with the greatest control over the waves were found using the error reduction ratio (ERR) analysis, which plays a key role in system identification modeling techniques. In this application, the LBC magnitudes at different locations are considered as the output data, while the lagged solar wind parameters are the input data. The ERR analysis automatically determines a set of the most influential parameters that explain the variations in the emissions. Both linear and nonlinear applications of the ERR analysis are compared using solar wind inputs and show that the linear ERR analysis can be misleading. The linear results show that the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) factor has the most influence on at each magnetic local time (MLT) sector. However, the nonlinear ERR analysis shows that the IMF factor coupled with the solar wind velocity has the main contribution to the LBC wave magnitudes. When geomagnetic indices are included as inputs with the solar wind parameters to the nonlinear ERR analysis, the results show that the majority of the variation in emissions may be attributed to the Auroral Electrojet (AE) index. In the dawn sectors between 00 and 12 MLT and 5 < L < 7, the AE index multiplied by the solar wind velocity with zero time lag has the most influence on the amplitudes of LBC. For 5 < L < 7, the parameters with the highest ERR are the AE index multiplied by the solar wind velocity with a 2‐hr time lag at 12–16 MLT, the linear AE index with a 2‐hr time lag at 16–20 MLT, and AE index multiplied by the IMF factor with zero lag at 20–00 MLT. For 4 < L < 5, the parameters with the highest ERR are the AE index multiplied by the solar wind dynamic pressure with zero time lag at 00–04 MLT, the AE index multiplied by the solar wind velocity with zero time lag between 14 and 12 MLT, the AE index multiplied by the solar wind velocity with a 2‐hr time lag at 12–16 MLT, the Dst index with a 6‐hr time lag at 12–16 MLT, and the AE index multiplied by the IMF factor with zero lag at 20–00 MLT.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [72 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01957431
Contributor : Nathalie Pothier <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 8, 2019 - 4:49:01 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 26, 2019 - 1:36:03 PM

File

Boynton_et_al-2018-Journal_of_...
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

R. Boynton, H. Aryan, S. Walker, V. Krasnoselskikh, M. Balikhin. The Influence of Solar Wind and Geomagnetic Indices on Lower Band Chorus Emissions in the Inner Magnetosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research : Space Physics, American Geophysical Union/Wiley, 2018, 123 (11), pp.9022-9034. ⟨10.1029/2018JA025704⟩. ⟨insu-01957431⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

35

Files downloads

63