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Optimal Estimation Method Retrievals of Stratospheric Ozone Profiles from a DIAL Lidar

Abstract : This paper provides a detailed description of the first principle Optimal Estimation Method (OEM) which is applied to ozone retrieval analysis using Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL) measurements. The air density, detector dead times, background coefficients, and lidar constants are simultaneously retrieved along with ozone density profiles. Using an averaging kernel, the OEM provides the vertical resolution of the retrieval as a function of altitude. A maximum acceptable height at which the a priori has a small contribution to the retrieval is calculated for each profile as well. Moreover, a complete uncertainty budget including both systematic and statistical uncertainties is given for each individual retrieved profile. Long term stratospheric DIAL ozone measurements have been carried out at the Observatoire de Haute-Provence (OHP) since 1985. The OEM is applied to 3 nights of measurements at OHP during an intensive ozone campaign in July 2017 where coincident lidar-ozonesonde measurements are available. The retrieved ozone density profiles are in good agreement with both traditional analysis and the ozonesonde measurements. For the three nights of measurements, below 15km the difference between the OEM and the sonde profiles is less than 25%, at altitudes between 15km to 25km the difference is less than 10%, and the OEM can successfully catch many variations of ozone which are detected in the sonde profiles due to its ability to adjust its vertical resolution as the signal varies. Above 25km the difference between the OEM and the sonde profiles does not exceed 20%.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01900398
Contributor : Catherine Cardon <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 22, 2018 - 9:37:46 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 10, 2020 - 3:42:35 PM

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Ghazal Farhani, Robert Sica, Sophie Godin-Beekmann, Alexander Haefele. Optimal Estimation Method Retrievals of Stratospheric Ozone Profiles from a DIAL Lidar. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions, 2018, pp.(Under Review). ⟨10.5194/amt-2018-310⟩. ⟨insu-01900398⟩

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