The root of a comet tail: Rosetta ion observations at comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko

Abstract : Context. The first 1000 km of the ion tail of comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko were explored by the European Rosetta spacecraft, 2.7 au away from the Sun. Aims. We characterised the dynamics of both the solar wind and the cometary ions on the night-side of the comet’s atmosphere. Methods. We analysed in situ ion and magnetic field measurements and compared the data to a semi-analytical model. Results. The cometary ions are observed flowing close to radially away from the nucleus during the entire excursion. The solar wind is deflected by its interaction with the new-born cometary ions. Two concentric regions appear, an inner region dominated by the expanding cometary ions and an outer region dominated by the solar wind particles. Conclusions. The single night-side excursion operated by Rosetta revealed that the near radial flow of the cometary ions can be explained by the combined action of three different electric field components, resulting from the ion motion, the electron pressure gradients, and the magnetic field draping. The observed solar wind deflection is governed mostly by the motional electric field −uion × B.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2018, 616, pp.A21. 〈10.1051/0004-6361/201832842〉
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01897296
Contributeur : Nathalie Pothier <>
Soumis le : mardi 20 novembre 2018 - 15:54:29
Dernière modification le : jeudi 7 février 2019 - 16:07:48

Fichier

aa32842-18.pdf
Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte

Identifiants

Citation

E. Behar, H. Nilsson, Pierre Henri, L. Berčič, G. Nicolaou, et al.. The root of a comet tail: Rosetta ion observations at comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2018, 616, pp.A21. 〈10.1051/0004-6361/201832842〉. 〈insu-01897296〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

56

Téléchargements de fichiers

5