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Selenite Uptake by Ca–Al LDH: A Description of Intercalated Anion Coordination Geometries

Abstract : Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) are anion exchangers with a strong potential to scavenge anionic contaminants in aquatic environments. Here, the uptake of selenite (SeO32–) by Ca–Al LDHs was investigated as a function of Se concentration. Thermodynamic modeling of batch sorption isotherms shows that the formation of SeO32–-intercalated AFm (hydrated calcium aluminate monosubstituent) phase, AFm-SeO3, is the dominant mechanism controlling the retention of Se at medium loadings. AFm-Cl2 shows much stronger affinity and larger distribution ratio (Rd ∼ 17800 L kg–1) toward SeO32– than AFm-SO4 (Rd ∼ 705 L kg–1). At stoichiometric SeO32– loading for anion exchange, the newly formed AFm-SeO3 phase results in two basal spacing, i.e., 9.93 ± 0.06 Å and ∼11.03 ± 0.03 Å. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectra indicate that the intercalated SeO32– forms inner-sphere complexes with the Ca–Al–O layers. In situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) shows that basal spacing of Ca–Al LDHs have a remarkable linear relationship with the size of hydrated intercalated anions (i.e., Cl–, SO42–, MoO42–, and SeO32–). Contrary to AFm-SeO3 with inner-sphere SeO32– complexes in the interlayer, the phase with hydrogen-bonded inner-sphere complexed SeO32– is kinetically favored but thermodynamically unstable. This work offers new insights about the determination of intercalated anion coordination geometries via XRD analyses.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 27, 2018 - 8:20:09 AM
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Bin Ma, Alejandro Fernandez-Martinez, Sylvain Grangeon, Christophe Tournassat, Nathaniel Findling, et al.. Selenite Uptake by Ca–Al LDH: A Description of Intercalated Anion Coordination Geometries. Environmental Science & Technology, American Chemical Society, 2018, 52 (3), pp.1624 - 1632. ⟨10.1021/acs.est.7b04644⟩. ⟨insu-01882419⟩



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