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First Paleomagnetic Constraints on the Latitudinal Displacement of the West Burma Block

Abstract : Cenozoic collision between India and Eurasia produced the Himalayan-Tibetan orogen, which is commonly considered as the archetypical orogen for continent-continent collision systems. However, there is still no consensus on the amount and mechanism of post-collisional convergence, as well as on the roles of the numerous tectonic terranes comprising the orogen (Jagoutz et al. 2015, 2016; Replumaz et al. 2013, Royden et al. 2008, van Hins-bergen et al. 2011). The West Burma block exhibits a unique geodynamic evolution within this system, influenced by oblique subduction of the Indian plate and significant strike-slip motions along the dextral Sagaing Fault. Furthermore, it is at a key location for paleoenvi-ronmental reconstructions (Cai et al. 2016, Licht et al. 2013). Despite this, robust paleo-magnetic data from the West Burma block is largely absent.Here we report new paleomagnetic, petrological and U-Pb age data to constrain the latitudinal displacement of West Burma. To this end, 45 sites were drilled in the intrusives, extrusives and sediments of the Wuntho arc, Myanmar. Paleomagnetic results were obtained at 30 sites. In addition, 135 paleomagnetic results were obtained from a Late-Eocene mono-clinic sedimentary section in the Chindwin basin, Myanmar.Wuntho arc U-Pb ages cluster in the range 110–90 Ma, indicating a Late-Cretaceous age. Paleomagnetic results from this area show declination values of around 50°–100°, im-plying clockwise rotation of the overall arc dispersed by local-block rotations related to faulting, and inclination values close to zero, corresponding to near-equatorial paleolatitude. Tilt corrections are not available for sites in intrusive rocks. However, the sampling is dis-tributed over a large area (1000 km2) and the results are found inconsistent with regional tilt-ing of the arc. The occurrence of remagnetization after tilting of the country rocks in several sites by the intrusive batholith also support the clockwise rotations and the low paleolati-tude. In the Late-Eocene sediments, normal and reverse polarity magnetizations, alongside the occurrence of numerous ~10 cm thick siderite-rich layers with stable magnetizations, in-dicate a primary detrital or a very early diagenetic origin for the acquisition of the magneti-zation. The sediments constrain a low inclination after tilt correction, which is coherent with the inferred near-equatorial position from the older Wuntho arc rocks. Based on these re-sults, we suggest that accretion of the West Burma block occurred at near-equatorial lati-tude, and that it subsequently underwent significant clockwise rotation and northward translation during the Cenozoic.
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Contributor : Isabelle Dubigeon <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 21, 2018 - 11:03:06 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 7:03:19 PM

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Jan Westerweel, Pierrick Roperch, Alexis Licht, Guillaume Dupont-Nivet, Zaw Win, et al.. First Paleomagnetic Constraints on the Latitudinal Displacement of the West Burma Block. 16th Castle Meeting: New Trends on Paleo, Rock and Environmental Magnetism, Jun 2018, Chęciny, Poland. pp.161, ⟨10.25171/instgeoph_pas_publs-2018-082⟩. ⟨insu-01878546⟩

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