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Experimental evaporation of hyperacid brines: Effects on chemical composition and chlorine isotope fractionation

Abstract : Hyperacid brines from active volcanic lakes are some of the chemically most complex aqueous solutions on Earth. Their compositions provide valuable insights into processes of elemental transfer from a magma body to the surface and interactions with solid rocks and the atmosphere. This paper describes changes in chemical and δ37Cl signatures observed in a 1750 h isothermal evaporation experiment on hyperacid (pH 0.1) sulphate-chloride brine water from the active lake of Kawah Ijen volcano (Indonesia). Although gypsum was the only evaporite mineral identified in the evolving brine, decreasing Si concentrations may ultimately result in amorphous silica precipitation. Geochemical simulations predict the additional formation of elemental sulphur at lower water activities ( ≤ 0.65) that were not reached in the experiment. Absence of other sulphates and halides despite the high load of dissolved elements (initial TDS ca. 100 g/kg) can be attributed to increased solubility of metals, promoted by extensive formation of complexes between the variety of cations and the major anions (HSO4−, Cl−, F−) present. Chlorine deviations from a conservative behaviour point to losses of gaseous hydrogen chloride (HCl(g)) and consequently an increase in Br/Cl ratios
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 4, 2018 - 12:04:50 PM
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Alejandro Rodríguez, Manfred van Bergen, H.G.M. Eggenkamp. Experimental evaporation of hyperacid brines: Effects on chemical composition and chlorine isotope fractionation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Elsevier, 2018, 222, pp.467-484. ⟨10.1016/j.gca.2017.10.032⟩. ⟨insu-01867391⟩

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