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Detrital U-Pb and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of the Connecticut Valley-Gaspé trough, southern Quebec and northern Vermont – Transitional tectonism from Salinic to Acadian orogenic cycles

Abstract : Detrital ages constrain the timing of deposition, along-strike paleo-geographic variations and the nature of erosional sources in sedimentary basins and can be used to constrain the transition between orogenic cycles. The Connecticut Valley-Gaspé (CVG) trough is a major Upper Ordovician-to-Devonian sedimentary basin that extends for >1000 km in the Northern Appalachians and was deposited during the Salinic and Acadian orogeneses. In Quebec and northern New England, the CVG trough is host to the Gaspé Belt and correlative units of the Connecticut Valley sequence (CVS). In southern Quebec, the Gaspé belt sedimentation occurred during late Silurian-to-Early Devonian crustal extension related to the Salinic orogeny. This study reports detrital U/Pb zircon and 40Ar/39Ar muscovite ages from the Ayers Cliff and Compton formations, Quebec and the correlatives Waits River and Gile Mountain formations, Vermont. Detrital zircon ages suggest that proximal early Silurian-to-Devonian erosional sources were submerged during sedimentation, which is consistent with an extension-related marine transgression marked by the Ayers Cliff and Waits River formations. The lack of Ediacaran zircons in the Ayers Cliff Formation contrasts the Waits River Formation, suggesting that the nature of erosional sources varied during deposition of the lowermost part of the basin. Stratigraphically higher Compton and Gile Mountain formations have similar detrital zircon provenance suggesting homogenization of detrital contributions. This is attributed to the encroachment of Avalonian terranes and ongoing erosion, probably during uplift of Laurentia and Avalonian terranes leading to foreland basin development and deposition of the uppermost part of the Compton and Gile Mountain formations which yielded youngest mean ages of ca. 413 Ma and ca. 401 Ma, respectively. Low-grade metamorphic conditions allow the preservation of detrital 40Ar/39Ar muscovite ages which highlight the contribution of erosional sources that experienced Grenvillian, Taconian and Salinic metamorphism.
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Morgann Perrot, Alain Tremblay, Gilles Ruffet, Jean David. Detrital U-Pb and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of the Connecticut Valley-Gaspé trough, southern Quebec and northern Vermont – Transitional tectonism from Salinic to Acadian orogenic cycles. Tectonophysics, Elsevier, 2018, 745, pp.430-452. ⟨10.1016/j.tecto.2018.08.006⟩. ⟨insu-01857441⟩

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