Multi-scale strainfield analysis using geostatistics : investigating the rheological behavior of the hot Variscan crust of the Pyrenees (Axial Zone)

Bryan Cochelin 1, 2, 3, 4 Charles Gumiaux 2, 3 Dominique Chardon 1, 5 Yoann Denèle 1 Benjamin Le Bayon 4
3 Géodynamique - UMR7327
INSU - CNRS - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers , UO - Université d'Orléans : UMR7327, BRGM - Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières (BRGM), ISTO - Institut des Sciences de la Terre d'Orléans - UMR7327 : UMR7327
Abstract : The present study provides a quantitative way to analyze and interpolate strainfields from ductile fabric field measurements using geostatistics. Based on variogram analysis and kriging interpolations, the developed methodology allows computing automatic cleavage and lineation trajectory maps at different scales from a same field structural dataset. For the example provided by the hot Variscan crust of the Pyrenees, the analysis of cleavage/stretching lineations orientation and kinematic data document pure shear conditions recorded during convergence. Strain was vertically partitioned between an upper crust submitted to homogeneous thickening responding to N-S (orogen-normal) shortening and a hot and partially molten mid-lower crust affected by horizontal longitudinal (orogen-parallel) flow. The emplacement of plutons and gneiss domes generated heterogeneities in the upper crust and induced strain localization into steep anastomosed transpressional shear zones flanking those structures. The results show that geostatistics applied to structural geology are powerful tools for retrieving tectonic regimes of large orogenic segments by identifying and quantifying perturbations in the strainfields induced by protracted and potentially complex tectonic histories. The variogram analysis also gives first order clues to evaluate whether the considered structural domains underwent single continuous ductile or polyphased brittle-ductile deformation.
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Bryan Cochelin, Charles Gumiaux, Dominique Chardon, Yoann Denèle, Benjamin Le Bayon. Multi-scale strainfield analysis using geostatistics : investigating the rheological behavior of the hot Variscan crust of the Pyrenees (Axial Zone). Journal of Structural Geology, Elsevier, 2018, 116, pp.114-130. ⟨10.1016/j.jsg.2018.07.024⟩. ⟨insu-01857039⟩

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