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A Survey of Visible S+ Emission in Io's Plasma Torus during the Hisaki Epoch

Abstract : To complement Hisaki's ultraviolet monitoring of the Io plasma torus, a ground‐based campaign assembled a comprehensive dataset at visible wavelengths with the ARC 3.5m telescope at Apache Point Observatory. This work concentrates on the bright S+ emissions in these data. Recurrent traits in the intensity and location are discerned as a function of Jovian longitude (λIII). The longitudinal brightness structure differs from past datasets in the visible, but is broadly consistent with that of Io's auroral footprint and concurrent Hisaki EUV measurements. Positions of the ribbon feature with λIII confirm that it exhibits a radial wobbling motion that is lesser than the centrifugal limit along a given L‐shell. We also find that the radial separation between the cold torus and the ribbon is modulated as Jupiter rotates. The torus is displaced 0.13 RJ dawnward, on average, by an electric field with mean strength 3.8 mV/m, consistent with that inferred by analysis of Hisaki's dawn‐dusk brightness asymmetry. The lesser visible brightness asymmetry is uncorrelated to this field strength, however. S+ emissions are enhanced downstream of Io, principally at Jovian dawn. Io interacts with the densest region at specific Jovian longitudes and local times; near λIII ~130° and dawn the ribbon is farthest from Jupiter, but still passes radially interior to the satellite. The electron density sweeping past Io and/or its radial proximity to the passing ribbon may also influence brightness, but S+ emissions are not governed by a single predominant driver.
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C. Schmidt, N. Schneider, François Leblanc, C. Gray, J. Morgenthaler, et al.. A Survey of Visible S+ Emission in Io's Plasma Torus during the Hisaki Epoch. Journal of Geophysical Research Space Physics, American Geophysical Union/Wiley, 2018, 123 (7), pp.5610-5624. ⟨10.1029/2018JA025296⟩. ⟨insu-01836498⟩



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