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Martian Thermospheric Response to an X8.2 Solar Flare on 10 September 2017 as Seen by MAVEN/IUVS

Abstract : We report the response of the Martian upper atmosphere to a strong X‐class flare on September 10, 2017 as observed by the Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph (IUVS) instrument aboard the Mars Atmosphere Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) mission. The solar flare peaked at 16:24 hrs UT and IUVS dayglow observations were taken about an hour after the flare peak. Retrieved temperatures from IUVS dayglow observations show a significant increase during the flare orbit, with a mean value of ∼270 K and a maximum value of ∼310 K. The retrieved temperatures during the flare orbit also show a strong latitudinal gradient, indicating that the flare induced heating is limited between low‐ and mid‐latitudes. During this event IUVS observed an ∼70% increase in the observed brightness of CO2+ Ultraviolet Doublet and CO Cameron band emission at 90 km, where high‐energy photons (< 10 nm) deposit most of their energy.
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Sonal Jain, Justin Deighan, N. Schneider, A. Stewart, J. Evans, et al.. Martian Thermospheric Response to an X8.2 Solar Flare on 10 September 2017 as Seen by MAVEN/IUVS. Geophysical Research Letters, American Geophysical Union, 2018, 45 (15), pp.7312-7319. ⟨10.1029/2018GL077731⟩. ⟨insu-01798721⟩

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