DEMETER observations of manmade waves that propagate in the ionosphere

Abstract : This paper is a review of manmade waves observed by the ionospheric satellite DEMETER. It concerns waves emitted by the ground-based VLF and ELF transmitters, by broadcasting stations, by the power line harmonic radiation, by industrial noise, and by active experiments. Examples are shown including, for the first time, the record of a wave coming from an ELF transmitter. These waves propagate upwards in the magnetosphere and they can be observed in the magnetically conjugated region of emission. Depending on their frequencies, they perturb the ionosphere and the particles in the radiation belts, and additional emissions are triggered.
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Michel Parrot. DEMETER observations of manmade waves that propagate in the ionosphere. Comptes Rendus Physique, Elsevier Masson, 2018, 19 (1-2), pp.26-35. ⟨10.1016/j.crhy.2018.02.001⟩. ⟨insu-01778900⟩

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