Exhumation of eclogite and blueschist (Cyclades, Greece): Pressure-temperature evolution determined by thermobarometry and garnet equilibrium modelling

Valentin Laurent 1, 2 Pierre Lanari 3 Inès Naïr Romain Augier 1, 2 Abdeltif Lahfid 4 Laurent Jolivet 5
2 Géodynamique - UMR7327
BRGM - Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières (BRGM), ISTO - Institut des Sciences de la Terre d'Orléans - UMR7327 : UMR7327, INSU - CNRS - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers , UO - Université d'Orléans : UMR7327
Abstract : High-pressure rocks such as eclogite and blueschist are metamorphic markers of paleo-subduction zones, and their formation at high-pressure and low-temperature conditions is relatively well understood since it has been the focus of numerous petrological investigations in the past 40 years. The tectonic mechanisms controlling their exhumation back to the surface are, however, diverse, complex and still actively debated. Although the Cycladic Blueschist Unit (CBU, Greece) is among the best worldwide examples for the preservation of eclogite and blueschist, the proposed P-T evolution followed by this unit within the Hellenic subduction zone is quite different from one study to another, hindering our comprehension of exhumation processes. In this study, we present an extensive petrological dataset that permits refinement of the shape of the P-T trajectory for different subunits of the CBU on Syros. High-resolution quantitative compositional mapping has been applied to support the thermobarometric investigations, which involve semi-empirical thermobarometry, garnet equilibrium modelling and P-T isochemical phase diagrams. The thermodynamic models highlight the powerful use of reactive bulk compositions approximated from local bulk compositions. The results were also
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Valentin Laurent, Pierre Lanari, Inès Naïr, Romain Augier, Abdeltif Lahfid, et al.. Exhumation of eclogite and blueschist (Cyclades, Greece): Pressure-temperature evolution determined by thermobarometry and garnet equilibrium modelling. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, Wiley-Blackwell, 2018, 36 (6), pp.769-798. ⟨10.1111/jmg.12309⟩. ⟨insu-01744885⟩

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